U.S. SNAP (Food Stamp) Household Statistics

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The United States Department of Agriculture administers the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). This program, previously known as food stamps, is designed to help guarantee low-income households and individuals access to a basic level of nutrition. 

The American Community Survey (ACS), conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, publishes detailed estimates of households who receive SNAP benefits. A household is a group of people living in a house, apartment, or other housing unit. Households may be family households or non-family households.

Unlike the Census, which is an exact count of people and households every ten years, ACS statistics are estimated based on a representative survey sample. Note that the data in this article is presented as counts of households, not of individuals.

How has the number of U.S. households receiving SNAP changed over time?

How many U.S. households receiving SNAP have children?

How many SNAP households live below poverty level? 

The federal poverty threshold is set each year by the Census Bureau. The threshold varies based family size, but does not vary from location to location. 

What is the median income of  SNAP households?

Note: Use the time-slider beneath the chart to see data from different years. 

How does the median income of SNAP households vary from state to state?

Note: Hover over a state to see the median income for its SNAP households.