U.S. Spoken Language Statistics
Millions of Americans speak languages other than English in their homes. The American Community Survey (ACS), conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, publishes detailed estimates on spoken language statistics across the United States each year. Unlike the Census—which is an exact count of people and households every ten years—ACS statistics are estimated based on a representative survey sample.
How many people speak non-English languages in their homes? How many are native or foreign-born?
Note: To see data for different years, use the time-slider beneath the charts.
Indo-European languages include a huge swath of spoken languages, ranging from French to Farsi, along with the many languages spoken on the Indian subcontinent. (English and Spanish are also Indo-European languages, but are recorded in separate categories.)
Asian and Pacific Island languages include Chinese, Japanese, Thai, Vietnamese, and languages spoken by indigenous people of Australia along with other Pacific cultures.
The Other language category includes Afro-Asiatic languages such as Arabic and Hebrew, as well as Native American languages.