U.S. Housing Cost Statistics

Housing Costs
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Median monthly housing costs is defined by the Census Bureau as including both gross rent and homeowner costs. Housing data is reported by the American Community Survey (ACS), conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.

Unlike the Census—which is an exact count of people and households every ten years—ACS statistics are estimated based on a representative survey sample. 

How have U.S. housing costs changed over time?

"Median housing costs" includes both gross rent and homeowner costs. Gross rent includes both the contract rent and any additional utility and fuel costs. Homeowner costs include mortgage payments, property taxes, insurance, fuel and utilities, and such additional costs as condominium or mobile home fees.

How do housing costs vary within the United States?

Note: Hover over a state to see its median income. To view data from different years, use the time-slider beneath the charts.

How has the U.S. cost of rent changed over time?

Gross rent includes both the contract rent and any additional utility and fuel costs. Housing units surveyed as "no rent paid" are excluded from the median calculation.

How do homeowner costs vary in the United States?

The bulk of homeowner costs is mortgages. Other homeowner costs include property taxes, insurance, fuel and utilities, and such additional costs as condominium or mobile home fees.