U.S. Geographic Mobility Demographics and Statistics

Geographic Mobility Demographics

How many Americans recently moved to new homes?

And from how far away?

The American Community Survey, conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, publishes detailed estimates on geographic mobility each year. Mobility measures key components of migration patterns: how many people have moved to new homes in the past year, and from where, broken down further by demographics and other characteristics. 

Unlike the Census, which is an exact count of people and households every ten years, ACS statistics are estimated based on a representative survey sample.

How old are these “geographically mobile” Americans?

Recent movers tend to be significantly younger than long-time residents.

Among Americans who recently moved across state lines, Florida's new residents were the oldest in 2016, with a median age of 37.2 years. North Dakota's were the youngest, with a median age of 23.1 years. Use the time-slider beneath the map to see data for other years.

How much money do geographically mobile Americans make?

Among interstate movers in 2016, New Jersey's new residents had the highest median income, at $34,445. North Dakota's new residents had the lowest median income, at $15,246.