U.S. Fertility Statistics

Fertility New Mother Demographics
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The American Community Survey (ACS), conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, publishes estimates on fertility each year. The survey asks women between 15 and 50 years old if they have given birth in the past 12 months.  

Based on a representative survey sample, the ACS reports estimated counts of new mothers across the United States. These counts are further broken down by various other characteristics—perhaps most notably by new mothers' marital status.

How has the number of new mothers in the United States changed over the years?

How many new mothers in the United States are teenagers?

How many new mothers receive public assistance?

Public assistance income includes supplemental security income (SSI), SNAP, WIC, TANF, and general assistance.

How many new mothers are foreign-born?

Foreign-born refers to individuals who were not born in the United States. This includes those who became U.S. citizens through naturalization.

How does education vary among new mothers?

Education refers to the highest level of schooling attained.

Note: Use the time-slider beneath the chart to view data from different years.

How many new mothers are in, or near, poverty? 

The federal poverty threshold is set each year by the Census Bureau. The threshold varies based family size, but does not vary from location to location.