Poverty Among Immigrants
How many immigrants live below federal poverty level in the United States?
In 2018, the federal poverty income threshold was $25,465 for a family of four with two children, and $17,308 for a single parent of one child. If a family's total income is less than the corresponding threshold, then that family and every individual in it is considered in poverty. An individual is considered in poverty if their income within the last 12 months was below poverty level.
Poverty is an extreme condition. The National Center for Children in Poverty reports that the level of income families typically require to make ends meet is nearly twice the federal poverty thresholds. While the poverty thresholds are adjusted each year based on inflation, they do not reflect regional differences in cost of living: the poverty thresholds are the same everywhere in the United States. The Census states: "Although the thresholds in some sense reflect a family’s needs, they are intended for use as a statistical yardstick, not as a complete description of what people and families need to live."
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About the data
Data is from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey 1-year estimates, Table S1703. The population considered in this data only includes people for whom poverty status can be determined.