Language of Immigrants
How many foreign-born residents can speak fluent English?
English fluency, based on data from the American Community Survey (ACS), means that the respondent reported speaking English as their only language, or spoke English "very well." The percentage excludes foreign-born residents who report speaking English "well," "not well," or "not at all."
What languages do immigrants speak at home?
The ACS divides languages into several broad categories, based on the major families of spoken languages.
Asian and Pacific Island languages include Chinese, Japanese, Thai, Vietnamese, Turkish, and languages spoken by indigenous people of Australia along with other Pacific cultures.
Indo-European languages include a huge swath of spoken languages, ranging from French to Farsi, along with the many languages spoken on the Indian subcontinent. English and Spanish are also Indo-European languages, but are recorded in separate categories.
Other languages include Arabic and Hebrew, many languages spoken in Africa, Native American languages, and Hungarian.
About the Data
Data is from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS), 1-year estimates, Table B16005. LiveStories calculated the percentages shown in this story. The population considered in this data only includes people who are 5 years and older.